Sunday, 25 August 2013

Short And Distort – Naked Short

Short and distort is a less publicly known investment scam similar to the classic pump and dump. Shorting is a word in traders jargon and means basically selling a stock, currency, paper or any other similar financial item that can be traded. Short and distort is as illegal as the pump and dump. The short and distort scheme is used in a bearish trend (prolonged period in which investment prices fall) and is the inverse method of pump’n dump.

The short and distort player will look for stocks that might be overvalued. When there is little activity on a stock due to news, the short seller may come into the market and sells the stock. He will then spread unsubstantiated rumors and other kinds of unverified bad news in an attempt to drive down the equity’s price. This can be done by negative posts to message boards, chat rooms, newsgroups, issuance of newsletters recommending the sale of the stock, seminars, private phone calls and similar. The plan is to entice investors to dump their stock with the prime objective of driving the price down. Instead of excitement, the distorter tries to stimulate fear. When the price is falling, the manipulator will buy stock to cover his position. Buying the stock at a discount and thereby making a profit. In order to create a selling frenzy which the distorted must do in order to buy enough stock to cover his position and not drive the price up he will create the impression that there is a great deal of selling taking place. He will do this by having his friends and brokers cross stock to each other giving the impression of large volume. In the end the investors who bought stock at higher prices will sell at low prices because of their mistaken belief that the stock is worthless, caused by an effective negative campaign.

TIPS FOR AVOIDANCE

- Everyone providing investment information or advice must fully explain the nature of the relationship between him and the company that is the subject of the report. If there is no disclaimer, investors should disregard the report

- Potential profit should not be exaggerated. Assumptions upon which the earnings model is based should be clearly stated so that the reader can evaluate the reasonableness of the assumptions. If a report lacks these details, it is generally safe to assume that the report lacks a sound basis, and investors should ignore the report

- It is a good sign if the author’s name and contact information is on the report, because firstly it gives you a way to contact the author for additional information and secondly it shows the author is proud of the report. If the author’s name is not given, investors should be very skeptical of the report’s contents. Don't believe everything you read and verify the facts on your own before making an investing decision

- Beware if the report contains a lot of great words and exclamation points. Good analysts are not supposed to be boring, but good reports don’t read like a Mcdonalds commercial. A good report should be interesting, but would never use exaggerations, sure things and guarantees. You would never be suggested to mortgage your home to buy a stock

- An ongoing research coverage usually acts as a sign that the firm legitimately believes in the long-term potential of a stock
Source: http://www.bustathief.com

Pump And Dump – Stock Fraud

Pump and dump is a term referred to an investment scheme which attempts to boost the price of a company’s stock through false and misleading promotions or highly exaggerated statements. As long as there have been stocks, there have been stock fraudsters who seek to inflate the price of stocks. Usually the con artist is a third party person who is not in any relation to the company about to be scammed. The only In most cases the company itself is clueless that it is part of a scam. It’s chosen because its stock is selling for pennies a share, making it easy for the scammer to acquire a huge number of shares with a minimal investment. Due to the small float of these types of stocks it does not take a lot of new buyers to push a stock higher. Often the promoters will claim to have inside information about an impending development or to use a great combination of economic and stock market indicators to pick stocks. In reality, they are only thieves who will earn a quick profit by gaining lots of investors. Once the price is high enough they sell their shares and stop inflating and promoting the stock which ultimately ends with a sharp fall in prices and thus investors lose their money. Similar but inverse scam is Short and Distort.

HOW PUMP AND DUMP SCAM WORKS

a) You need a worthless stock, with a tight float and which is thinly traded. Small companies are needed as a precondition. Tight float means that most of the stocks are held by insiders and promoters and not by the general public. The reason for this is that it is much easier to manipulate the price of the stock when there are fewer stocks held by the general public since fewer buying of stock is needed to increase the price. You now buy an otherwise worthless stock at low prices. This sets the stage for to make money when the stock price elevates.

b) You start a promotional campaign to create interest in the stock. You use advertising campaigns, cold calls, newsletters, newsgroups, message boards, chat rooms, emails, seminars and any other media to promote the stock. Information used to promote the stock is said to be a rumor, inside information or your unbeatable technical and economical analysis. Investors are being enticed with visions of making the big score, quickly and without much risk. Your promotions will make investors swim in the water of excitement. Essentially, you are playing on the investors strings of greed to try to make the investors feel that he can’t miss the next great investment play.

c) You now attempt to increase the price of a stock. The stock chosen is thinly traded, so you and insiders can quietly raise the price by buying up the stock. Instead of putting bid offers at lower prices, they take the ask bids out and go up the price ladder. Since there is little public float, it doesn’t take a lot of buying to get the price up.

d) You have increased the price of a stock and now dump it at a higher level. You leave with a high profit, while other investors face a sharp ride to the south.
Source: http://www.bustathief.com